US holds in UN Committee 661: "Smart" Sanctions
Since the U.N. adopted economic sanctions in 1945, in its charter, as a means of maintaining global order, it has used them fourteen times (twelve times since 1990). But only those sanctions imposed on Iraq have been comprehensive, meaning that virtually every aspect of the country's imports and exports is controlled, which is particularly damaging to a country recovering from war.

The itemized list [2M] of US holds in the Iraq Oil for Food Program used to produce these results comes from an accidentally released 661 Committee contract report from March 2001 that gave line item details on approved and withheld sales for the Oil for Food program from 1997 up to when the report was released. The original spreadsheet and details about the report and its release can be found here, and more commentary on the attempts to publish it here, credit for publishing the data goes to Drew Hamre.

All I've done is code a simple perl script that checks against goods and "reason for non-compliance". "Header Status" reflects status as of March 2001.

The intention of the US seems clearly, during the Gulf War and during the sanctions program, to have been to make living in Iraq impossible and to lay the blame for the suffering entirely at the feet of Saddam Hussein: the effects of sanctions would be part of a propaganda campaign for the US policy of 'regime change'. The policy resulted in massive numbers of premature deaths: from the purposeful destruction of water treatment facilities and other civillian infrastructure during the Gulf War and then blocking or holding up supplies required to repair and maintain them; the blocking of medical supplies; the malnourishment from an underfunded Oil for Food program that was used, at the same time, to pay off war reparations to the Princes of Kuwait; the prevention of other reconstruction of essential civillian infrastructure for 12 years. By 1999 the infant mortality rates more than doubled from their rates previous to the Gulf War. The State Department has never attempted to explain what change in policy Saddam made with respect to child health-care that might have resulted in such a rate increase: the answer why is obvious, because it was entirely the direct result of US and UNSC policy. How many died, exactly, will never be known - if the lower estimates are taken there is clear evidence for serious crimes against humanity, if the upper estimates are taken it could be easily argued as a case of genocide. The range of credible estimates is in the hundreds of thousands to the millions.

None of the four men most responsible for the sanctions policy - George H. W. Bush, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush (least of the four), and Saddam Hussein - have been indicted for it.

For more information on the sanctions program visit CASI. For more information about the Oil For Food program visit Oil For Food Facts.

--josh buermann

Hold byHeader StatusGoodsAmountReason for non-compliance or holdReceivedMissionExporter
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING VEHICLES"$1,092,684.00 "US: technical specs on item 1 firefighting vehicles & item 53 fire fighting cothes; 22-Dec-99 ChinaChina Northern Industries
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING VEHICLES WITH SPARES"$1,091,721.00 "for tech specs12-Jan-00 Russian FederationTractoroexport
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING TRUCK"$2,045,000.00 "material composition of tanks24-Jan-00 ChinaChina First Automobile Group
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING VEHICLES"$529,200.00 ""tech specs and material composition on water/foam tank, water pump, self-filling system, prop hose and strainer"27-Jun-00 China Al Wasel And Babel General Trading Co. L.L.C.
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING VEHICLES WITH SPARES"$928,000.00 "goods on 1051b list as indicated by Sec't06-Jul-00 FranceSides
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING VEHICLES"$1,060,000.00 "for deletion of Israeli clause & for tech specs & material composition of tanks & pumps18-Jul-00 UAEThe Industrial Engineering And Metal
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING VEHICLES WITH SPARES"$1,060,000.00 ""goods appear to be 1051 - tab 10, p11, 10.4.1 - provide tech specs on mobile sprayer"20-Jul-00 TurkeyZimag Arac Ve Makina San Ve Tic As
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING PUMPS & SPARES; ACCESSORIES"$750,000.00 ""US:Hold for technical specifications on nozzles, special tools and testing equipment; "28-Jul-00 EgyptAl-Mohandes International Co. (Ami)
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING VEHICLES WITH SPARES"$825,000.00 "for grade of stainless steel for water tanks & all pumps06-Oct-00 TurkeyZimag Arac Ve Makina San Ve Tic As
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING TRUCKS/SPARES"$2,075,000.00 ""for tech specs to include flow rate, operating pressure, spray pattern, droplet size for items #57 & 79"10-Oct-00 ChinaChina First Automobile Group
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING VEHICLES"$1,750,000.00 ""item 1 on 1051 list at tab 10, p16, para 1.9"11-Oct-00 FranceSides
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING VEHICLES WITH SPARES"$5,836,000.00 ""item 1 on 1051 list at tab 10, p16, para 1.9"11-Oct-00 FranceSides
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING TRUCKS/SPARES"$300,000.00 ""US: provide the previously requested material specifications (as ASTM or DIN standards or by percentage of each component in alloy composition) for the water tank (annex I Paragraph 3.2),foam concentrate tank (annex I, Paragraph 3.3), and foam liquid mix"31-Oct-00 FranceTransumed Intertrade S.A.R.L.
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING VEHICLES"$6,535,646.76 ""US: need complete specs for fire fighting vehicles, all pumps & valves, air dehydrator; material composition for water & foam tank & any linings; material composition & dimensions for all hoses; itemized list of components & equip included in repair kits;"29-Dec-00 EgyptMcv Free Zone
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT; SPARE PARTS"$212,204.34 ""US: provide the material composition for the tanks (items #4 - #7, and #11), sprinkler heads and nozzles (items #13 and #19), foam (item #17); verify that item #22 listed as an 02 charging pump is a typographical error; provide manufacturer's data sheets "12-Jan-01 UAENational Fire Fighting Mfg. Co. Ltd.
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING SYSTEM AND ACCESSORIES "$59,324.45 ""Not enough information to make a final assessment. Provide the chemical composition of NAFS III gas (items #1-#5); provide material composition of tanks (items #1A, 2A, 3A, 4A, 5A); provide specifications for solenoid valves including dimensions, weight"31-Jan-01 JordanInternational Industrial Development
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING VEHICLES WITH SPARES"$1,763,511.03 ""US: Goods are on the 1051 list as indicated by the Secretariat and 1051 listed items: Tab 10, Page 12, Paragraph 10.4.1.5 corrosion resistant tanks (items #203 and #204); Tab 10, Page 20, Paragraph 2.6 and Tab 10, Page 15, Paragraph 1.4.7 respirators (Pa"05-Feb-01 LiechtensteinFrimork
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING PUMPS & SPARES"$192,008.00 "Export facility not authorized under oil for food programme06-Oct-98 FranceIngersoll Dresser Pompes France
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING PUMPS & SPARES"$79,937.00 "Export facility not authorized under oil for food programme06-Oct-98 FranceIngersoll Dresser Pompes France
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING PUMPS & SPARES"$320,448.00 "Export facility not authorized under the oil-for-food program.06-Oct-98 FranceIngersoll Dresser Pompes France
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING PUMPS & SPARES"$122,828.00 "Export facility not authorized under iol-for-food programme06-Oct-98 FranceIngersoll Dresser Pompes France
The United Kingdom; The United StatesOn HoldSAFETY & FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT"$52,294.00 "UK: Saybolt recently stated to the 661 Committee that there was no requirement for the refurbishment of the facility at Al Maya. US: Export facility not authorized under the oil-for-food prograamme.19-Nov-98 FranceIngersoll Dresser Pompes France
The United StatesOn HoldSAFETY & FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT"$137,760.00 "Export facility not authorized under oil-for-food programme20-Nov-98 BelgiumAngus Belgium N.V. - S.A.
The United StatesOn HoldSAFETY & FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT"$50,004.00 "Export facility not authorized under oil-for-food programme20-Nov-98 BelgiumAngus Belgium N.V. - S.A.
The United StatesOn HoldSAFETY & FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT"$80,470.00 "Export facility not authorized under oil-for-food programme20-Nov-98 BelgiumAngus Belgium N.V. - S.A.
The United StatesOn HoldSAFETY & FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT"$14,095.83 "Export facility not authorized under the oil-for-food programme.24-Nov-98 FranceMouvex
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT ACCESSORIES & PARTS"$46,022.75 "for technical specs on item 322-Nov-99 ItalyBai Tecnica Srl
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING TRUCKS/SPARES"$393,218.87 "US: technical specs - goods might be on 1051 list (illegible tech specs)22-Oct-99 TurkeyTekfen Dis Ticaret A.S.
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING TRUCKS/SPARES"$1,100,000.00 "US: BW dual use applications25-Oct-99 ItalySilvani Antincendi Spa
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT ACCESSORIES & PARTS"$353,146.00 "for technical specifications - possible 1051 goods24-Nov-99 OmanTechnical Trading Centre
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING TANKER & TRUCK"$56,000.00 "are tanks lined?11-Dec-99 UAEThe Industrial Engineering And Metal
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT"$78,337.40 ""item 3 - 1051 list - t10, annex C, p51, 1"29-Dec-99 UAENational Fire Fighting Mfg. Co. Ltd.
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING TANKER & TRUCK"$730,000.00 "item 2 - dual use16-Feb-00 FranceSides
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING TANKER & TRUCK"$64,600.00 ""US: Goods are on the 1051 list as indicated by the Secretariat and S/1995/208, Page 12, Paragraph 10.4.4; Rubber-lined butterfly valves with inside diameter greater than 12.5 mm (items #5 and #6); provide specifications for foam unit including manufacture"11-Apr-00 AustriaRosenbauer International
The United StatesOn HoldSAFETY & FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEM & EQUIPMENT"$25,409.00 "end use/user info25-Feb-00 UAEDome Oilfield Equipment & Services
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING VEHICLES WITH SPARES"$472,299.17 ""provide specifications on all associated pumps including flow rate, inlet/outlet pressure, material composition for all components and linings, rotation speed, dimensions, weight, and drawings; provide dimensions and material composition of all tanks incl"22-May-00 FranceSides
The United StatesOn HoldSAFETY & FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT"$169,034.81 ""tech specs of items 85, 186, 187"22-May-00 FranceSides
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING & SAFETY EQUIPMENTS"$42,740.00 "Items #1 & 2 appear to be on 1051 list. OIP to provide tech info/assessments used to determine that the above goods are not subject to SCR 1051.21-Jun-00 ItalyA.B.M. Victoria Spa
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT"$841,052.48 ""Items #1, 8, 10, 11, 13, 19, 22, 25 appear to be on 1051 list at tab 10, pg 12, para 10.4.1.5 & tab 10, pg 16, para 1.9"15-Sep-00 BelgiumAngus Belgium N.V. - S.A.
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING TRUCKS WITH SPARES"$350,861.73 "Is item #127 lined or double hulled & what type of protective equipment & breathing apparatus is provided?29-Sep-00 FranceSides
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING TRUCKS W/SPARES"$187,878.29 ""Provide the size, weight, and drawings of the firewater pump; provide specifications for the vacuum pump including material composition, drawings, and flow rate; provide a completely legible copy of additional information. "29-Nov-00 TurkeyTekfen Insaat Ve Tesisat A.S.
The United StatesOn HoldFIRE FIGHTING MATERIAL AND EQUIPMENT"$259,561.58 ""Goods are on the 1051 list as indicated by the Secretariat and 1051 items: Tab 10, Page 12, paragraph 10.4.4, Corrosion resistant valves - rubber lined butterfly valves, 4"", 6"", 8"", and 10"" (items #8 - #11). Hold for material composition of foam tank, lin"05-Feb-01 UAENational Fire Fighting Mfg. Co. Ltd.